Footnotes and endnotes are used to explain, comment on, or provide references for text in a document. Footnotes are positioned at the bottom of the page, whereas endnotes are positioned together on a page at the end of the document. A footnote or an endnote consists of two parts — the
note reference markA number, character, or combination of characters that reference additional information in a footnote or endnote. In the following example, the number 12 is a note reference mark.
and the corresponding note text. Footnotes and endnotes differ from citations, which are parenthetical references that are placed inline with the text. The source information stored in the Citations tool or Source Manager can be used to create citations, a list of works cited, or a bibliography. However, you cannot use the information in the Citations tool or Source Manager to create footnotes or endnotes, and you cannot use footnotes or endnotes to create a list of works cited or a bibliography.